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#1 Posted : 23 August 2019 14:07:56(UTC)

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Connectivity is a critical piece of the IoT projects puzzle. Stakeholders need to find the most suitable connectivity option for their products and projects. With about 30 IoT connectivity options on the market today, their constant evolution and the development of new ones, this search can be difficult. New technologies such as LPWAN and 5G are gaining more attention, while others such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi are evolving and thereby changing the IoT connectivity landscape. Let’s explore how not to get lost among the choices when choosing the best IoT connectivity option for your business.

To realize the potential of IoT, whole industries are working hard to develop the devices, and connectivity solutions to enable communication among the devices, in one ecosystem. It’s no easy task, for a number of reasons.

First, the amount of collected data is growing, and current solutions are increasingly challenged to handle the rising data volume.

In addition, IoT app developers and device manufacturers must provide for interoperability of all the elements of the IoT ecosystem. The ideal situation is to make all the devices work without any coordination required among vendors. So far appliance manufacturers are trying to preserve a certain level of control over connectivity standards, with Samsung, LG and other tech companies announcing their own standards. And though there is no doubt that these devices will be made interoperable, interconnectivity remains a serious barrier.

IoT developers and device manufacturers must also strike a balance between three key parameters: bandwidth, range and power consumption. Programmers are trying to create a solution that would be a perfect combination of high bandwidth for transmitting large amounts of data over huge distances while consuming little battery power. But, at this point, that perfect solution doesn’t exist. This means IoT developers must make trade-offs, perhaps prioritizing bandwidth over power consumption, or vice versa.

There is no one-size-fits-all protocol capable of supporting all technological and analytical tasks. But some solutions are better suited for specific use cases.

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